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Saturday, September 13, 2014

Food laws in Indonesia for food and agricultural imports

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Law 18/2012 provides comprehensive and broader aspect on food compared to previous one and containing 17 chapters and 154 articles. An unofficial translation of the new Food Law can be viewed at the following link (http://usdaindonesia.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/DPR-FOOD-REGULATION-final.pdf).

According the Goverment of Indonesia, the new Food Law is intended to provide a legal basis to regulate the following activities: (1) food planning; (2) food availability; (3) food affordability; (4) nutrition and consumption; (5) food safety; (6) food labeling and advertising; (7) control; (8) food information system; (9) food research and development; (10) food institution; (11) public participation; and (12) enforcement. Currently, the existing implementing regulations are still valid until new implementing regulations will be issued in accordance with the Law.

One aspect of the Food Law is food importation. If the food supply sources are not sufficient, food can be fulfilled through import according to the necessity (Article 14 point 2 and Article 36-40). The Goverment of Indonesia will establish food import policies and regulations that do not negatively impact the farming sustainability, the increasing of production, the welfare of farmers/fishermen, fish farmers, and food businesses. However, the Goverment of Indonesia consistently prioritizes domestic food production over imports to meet the demand.

Other significant legislation concerning food and agricultural imports include:
  1. Act Number 12 of 1992 concerning Cultivation of Plants
  2. Act Number 16 of 1992 concerning Animal, Fish, & Plant Quarantine
  3. Act Number 23 of 1992 concerning Health
  4. Act Number 9 of 1995 concerning Small Business
  5. Act Number 20 of 1997 concerning Non-Tax Government Revenue
  6. Act Number 8 of 1999 concerning Consumer Protection
  7. Act Number 15 of 2001 concerning Trade Mark
  8. Act Number 19 of 2002 concerning Copy right
  9. Act Number 31 of 2004 concerning Fisheries
  10. Act Number 10 0f 1995 and Law Number 17 of 2006 concerning Customs Tariffs
  11. Act Number 11 of 1995 and Law Number 39 of 2007 concerning Excise
  12. Act Number 20 of 2008 concerning Micro, Small, and Medium Business
  13. Act Number 18 of 2009 concerning Animal Husbandry and Animal Health
  14. Act Number 13 of 2010 concerning Horticulture
  15. Act Number 18 of 2012 concerning Food
  16. Government Regulation (PP) Number 69 of 1999 concerning Food label and Advertisement
  17. Government Regulation (PP) Number 82 of 2000 concerning Animal Quarantine
  18. Government Regulation (PP) Number 68 of 2002 concerning Food Security
  19. Government Regulation (PP) Number 28 of 2004 concerning Food Safety, Quality, and Nutrition
  20. Government Regulation (PP) Number 18 of 2012 concerning Domestic Waste Management

In addition to the Acts and Government Regulations listed above, there are various Presidential Instructions, Ministerial Regulations, Ministerial Decisions and Departmental Determinations that regulate food production, import, and distribution. The most relevant of these regulations are attachmented.

Gradually, additional government regulations to implement the provisions have been released. However, some of its provisions still have not been enacted or updated from the previous regulation.

Many of Indonesia’s regulations related to the marketing of food and food products are unclear and confusing, not enforced, or are enforced on a cursory basis in a haphazard manner. While a review of relevant regulations is important, the reality of what actually occurs in practice may be quite different. Therefore, it is essential that exporters confer with local importers/agents to determine prevailing requirements on imports.

This page concern to food sciences, nutrition and additives topics. The information provides thorough and up-to-date information, covering a broad range of topics in the food science and technology. Topics covered include: Food industry, food groups and composition, food chemistry, food processing and preservation, food laws and regulations, food microbiology and fermentation, food safety, food toxicology, food biotechnology, sensory evaluation, and food product development.

OTHERS INFO: A lot of information about Easy Test Kit Product can you read detail at Easy Test Kit Website and a lot of information on the use of formalin (formaldehyde) in food or beverages in Indonesia (including some other hazardous materials) can read details on THIS BLOG.

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